About the Cuban girl: In Cuba, Cuban women or girls have the same constitutional rights as men in economic, political, cultural and social as well as in the family. The Cuban girls in accordance with Article 44 of the Cuban Constitution, the State guarantees women the same opportunities and Cuba likely than men to achieve the full participation of women in Cuba in the development of the country. Cuba women occupy 35% of parliamentary seats in the ranking of the Cuban National Assembly.
Cuba Women and girls from Cuba
In the first half of the 20th century, women in Cuba had achieved a status comparable to that of other Latin American countries like Argentina and Chile. In 1933, during the reign of 100 days of Ramón Grau, Cuban women received the right to vote. In 1934 the percentage of Cuban women working outside the home, attended school, and the control of the practice of birth exceeded the corresponding percentages in almost any other country in Latin America.
Women in Cuba had been chosen to work in Cuba’s House of Representatives and Senate, and women of Cuba worked as mayors, judges, cabinet members, municipal councilors, and members of Cuba’s foreign service.
Grau’s return to government under the auspices of President Fulgencio Batista provided the Cuban Constitution of 1940, one of the most progressive in the Western Hemisphere Regarding the status of women, which prohibits sex discrimination and asking equal pay for work of equal value.
After the Cuban revolution of 1959, the Federation of Cuban Women (FMC) was established as an NGO. The FMC was recognized by the Cuban government as “national machinery for the advancement of women in Cuba.”
The organization says it has more than 3 million members, representing 85.2% of all women over 14 years. There is also a Training Centre for Women and the Women’s House which operates nationwide. The group generally adheres to the objectives of the Cuban government “to defend the Cuban Revolution.”According to Cuban government statistics, women account for 49.5% of graduates in higher levels of education and 62% of university students.
Women constitute 35% of MPs, 61% of lawyers, 49% of magistrates, judges and 47% in the Supreme Court.
From the “Special Period in Peacetime” in the 1990’s,
the women of Cuba have taken a step forward in the life of Cuba, calling for a step towards a life without sexism. Sexism in Cuba go hand in hand with racism suffered by blacks and mulattos. Although according to a study conducted in 2002, blacks constitute 34.9% of the Cuban people are the poorest group of people with the least amount of political representation. Black women, especially, are lower paid jobs, have the highest rates of unemployment, lower educational levels and often live with the threat of gender violence.
Jineterismo is a term used to describe a range of economic activities illegal or semi-legal issues related to tourism in Cuba, including prostitution.
Hip-hop, rap music in particular, has become the vehicle for Cuban girls to express their discontent with race and gender situation in Cuba. The lyrics of all Cubans female rap groups demand respect for diversity in the music scene and sympathy for women who have resorted to prostitution for the bailout. During the special period, Cuba’s wife came to the forefront in the management of the different economic and domestic situations and in doing so, assume more responsibility and a new authority. The popular style of dance “perreo” can be seen as a symbol of this change, with women before men during the dance. The average wage in the island was only 334 Cuban pesos a month in late 2010.